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Cold and Flu
A virus causes the common cold. These rhinoviruses are transmitted from person to person or by touching an object that has been handled by someone with the cold virus. The virus is present in the body for several days before symptoms begin to appear. Antibiotics are not effective. Lots of rest and fluids are important to help the body fight the virus. Use a handkerchief or tissue when sneezing or coughing. Frequent hand washing also helps prevent the spread of the common cold. Keep your child at home if his temperature is above 100 degrees, he is vomiting or has flu symptoms - body aches, fever and headache.

Immunizations

10 months ago

Parents must present proof of up to date immunizations before enrolling their child in school. All children entering school will need the following immunizations.

  • Polio - 3 doses the last one after the child's fourth birthday or 4 doses at any age
  • DPT - 4 doses the last one after the child's fourth birthday or 5 doses at (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus) any age Tetanus boosters are then recommended every 10 years.
  • MMR - 2 doses both after the child's first birthday (Measles, Mumps, Rubella)
  • Hepatitis B - 3 doses 2 doses if the 2-dose formulation was used and is indicated as such on the immunization record
  • Varicella - 1 dose the doctor's written confirmation that the child has had chickenpox is also acceptable. Required for Kindergarten. 

Students entering the seventh grade are required to have the Hepatitis B series. Because Hepatitis B shots must be spaced several months apart, it is important to have your sixth grader visit his health practitioner now to start the Hepatitis B series and to get the second measles shot. Also ask about an additional Tetanus shot and other preventive services that are recommended for your preteen. Students who have not started their Hepatitis B shots before the first day of seventh grade will be excluded from school. Please remember to bring the immunization record to the school office so that your child's record may be updated.

If you are unable to obtain immunizations for your child through your health practitioner due to excessive cost or lack of insurance coverage, you may obtain shots at no cost at the Kern County Department of Health. They are located at 1800 Mt. Vernon (868-0503) and immunizations are given daily on a walk-in basis. School immunization clinics are offered to sixth and seventh grade students at the Middle School at no cost. Forms are available in the Middle School office. Students who are entering kindergarten or seventh grade, who are not up to date on their immunizations will be excluded from school as required by state law. Please contact the school nurse, Mrs. Pierce, at 392-2110 or your child's school if you have any questions.

Remember, "Be Wise- Immunize"

2/14/2003

Cold and Flu Influenza

6 months ago

School Health Issues
Flu Season and Schools

Flu is an unwelcome visitor to many homes and communities this winter. Schools can help educate students, their families, and school staff about how to reduce the chance of getting the flu as well as reduce the likelihood of spreading flu to others. Additional information from the experts is available from the links below.

www.flu.gov


FIVE FAST FLU FACTS 

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
www.cdc.gov/flu/index.htm

  • Flu symptoms include fever, headache, chills, body aches, tiredness, dry cough, sore throat, and nasal congestion. 
  • Flu is spread when a person who has the flu coughs, sneezes, or speaks and sends the flu virus into the air. The virus enters the nose, throat or lungs of a person and multiplies. Flu spreads less frequently when a person touches a surface that has flu viruses on it. 
  • If you get the flu: rest, drink plenty of liquids, and avoid alcohol and tobacco. 
  • Antibiotics like penicillin will not cure the flu. The best way to prevent the flu is to get a flu shot. Over-the-counter medications may relieve symptoms of flu. The National Institute for Allergies & Infectious Diseases recommends acetaminophen (Tylenol) for children; aspirin or acetaminophen for adults. Decongestants, cough suppressants, and use of a humidifier can provide symptomatic relief. 
  • In addition to flu shots, three antiviral medicines are available by prescription that will help prevent flu infection: Tamiflu, Flumadine and Symmetrel.

Things to keep in mind for school-age children 

  • Do NOT give aspirin to a child or teenager who has the flu. 
  • Most antihistamines cause sleepiness. If a child still has a stuffy nose when she returns to school, parents may want to ask their child's doctor to prescribe a non-sedating antihistamine. 
  • Encourage children to cover coughs and sneezes, wash hands frequently, and keep hands away from eyes, nose and mouth. 
  • A sick child is advised to stay at home during the first days of illness when symptoms are most severe and the infection is most contagious. Children can return to school when symptoms are improving and no fever has been detected for 24 hours.

Things for schools to keep in mind 

The Iowa and Vermont Departments of Health have posted the following guidance for schools. Adapted by CHHCS for a national audience. 

  • Any employee, student, teacher, or staff suspected of having the flu should not attend school. 
  • Wash hands several times a day using soap and warm water for 15-20 seconds (this is generally around the time it takes to sing the ABC's). Dry hands with paper towels or automatic hand dryers if possible. In school, allow regular breaks for the students and teachers to wash hands. Young children should be instructed and assisted to ensure proper hand washing. Restrooms should be checked regularly to ensure that soap and paper towels are always available. 
  • The flu can be spread from coughs or sneezes. Make sure tissues are available in all classrooms. Students and staff should cover their mouths when coughing and use a tissue when sneezing or blowing their noses. Tissues should be thrown away immediately following proper hand washing (alcohol hand gels may be used in the classrooms to minimize disruption). 
  • Schools may be required by their local health departments to report flu absences when they reach a locally determined number. Reporting outbreaks assists in disease surveillance and understanding the impact on the community. 
  • Staff and students (especially those with medical conditions and anyone else who wants to lower their risk of getting the flu) should get the flu shot. Remember, it is never too late in the flu season to be vaccinated. Check with your local health department on availability of vaccine: www.cdc.gov/other.htm#states 
  • Closure of individual schools in the event of an outbreak has not proven to be an effective way of stopping the flu but that decision should be made by the appropriate school officials based on other considerations. 
  • Schools should be extra-vigilant that ill students be excluded from sports activities, choir or any activities that may involve close contact, since transmission of the flu may be easier in these situations. All students and staff should avoid sharing glasses, water bottles, drinks, spoons/forks, etc. 
  • School buses, because of the enclosed space, may allow for easy spread of the flu. Tissues should be available on the buses, and students should be encouraged to cover nose and mouth while coughing or sneezing. Disinfect commonly handled interior surfaces (i.e. door handles, hand rails, etc.) between loads of students, if possible. 
  • In the school, clean commonly used surfaces such as door handles, handrails, eating surfaces, desks, etc., frequently with disinfectant. (Bleach solutions or commercial disinfectants are appropriate.) 
  • Who should get the flu shot? Everyone. (For more information contact your health care provider or local health department at https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/qa/flushot.htm.)

For more information: 

How to tell the difference between a cold and flu. [Spanish version] https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/qa/coldflu.htm


Date posted: 12/12/03

Exercise
Everyone can benefit from an exercise program especially children. Experiment with different forms of exercise - walking, yoga, jogging, cycling, swimming, dancing - until you find one that you enjoy. Wear clothing that is comfortable and appropriate. Start slowly and work up to your goal over a period of time. Try to exercise as a family. Pick activities that include a form of exercise such as a bike ride or hike. Working out with a friend can be an incentive to your exercise program. A commitment to meet someone for a walk is a good incentive to get going. Remember: before starting any strenuous exercise program, check with your physician.
Earthquake Preparedness
BEFORE an earthquake hits, check your home for hazards. Bolt or support water heaters and other appliances to prevent gas lines from rupturing. Place large, heavy objects on low shelves and securely fasten the shelves to walls. Learn how to turn off electricity, gas and water. Maintain an adequate first aid kit with a flashlight and battery powered radio (batteries stored separately). Keep a fresh supply of water and food in your earthquake supplies. Refer to your telephone white pages for a more complete list.

DURING an earthquake remain calm and reassure others. If indoors, get under a table or desk away from windows, mirrors, chimneys and bookshelves. If outside, move rapidly but cautiously to an open area, away from all hazards (power lines, trees, etc.). When driving, stop in the safest place available - not on or under a bridge.

AFTER an earthquake check your immediate area for injured persons, fires and hazards. Wear shoes because of debris and broken glass. Check utilities for damage. Shut off the main gas valve if there is a gas leak and electrical power if there is damage to house wiring. Use your telephone only for emergency reports and to let a pre-selected relative know you are OK. Emergency water may be obtained from water heaters, toilet tanks, melted ice cubes and canned foods
Asthma
An asthma trigger is any object, act or event that makes asthma worse. These can be exercise, viral infections, air pollutants such as cigarette smoke or perfume, cold air, grass, animals, mold and pollen, coughing, yelling and some medicines and chemicals.
Asthma triggers can be avoided by not allowing smoking in your house or car and removing dust catchers from the bedroom (stuffed animals or toys, carpets, drapes, etc). Heating vents can be covered with an air filter. The humidity in the house can be kept between 25 and 50 percent. (Humidity over 50 percent encourages the growth of mold and mites.)

Although exercise is the most common trigger of asthma it should not be avoided. Exercise increases stamina and lung capacity and should be encouraged unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Almost every person with asthma should be physically active and able to play any sport.

This information is taken from One Minute Asthma by Dr. Thomas F. Plaut
Pre Enrollment Physicals
Students entering kindergarten must receive a physical exam. It is commonly called the CHDP (The Child Health and Disability Program). Its purpose is to identify potential illnesses before they become chronic and are more difficult to treat. The program offers free physicals on a regular schedule from birth to 18 years. More information on this program is available by calling 868-0503. Healthy students are more attentive, eager to learn, active and responsive. A student who has a health related problem usually is not interested in what is going on in the classroom. He/she can use precious energy straining to hear or to look at what is happening. Pain or discomfort from a decayed tooth can also be distracting. Start your child out right and have a physical exam done before kindergarten registration. Follow through with your health care provider's recommendations. It will be a learning experience for your child and the teachers and school nurse will thank you for sending your child to school healthy.
Head lice Information
Head lice continue to be a nuisance and most likely will never be eradicated. There are measures that can be taken to keep head lice infestation to a minimum.
Standard School District recognizes that parents are responsible for their children and treating their children for conditions such as head lice. Students may be checked at school for head lice. This will be done as discreetly as possible. If lice are found, the parent/guardian will be notified by school personnel. The student, family and home should be treated thoroughly as outlined on the reverse side of this information sheet.
After treatment, the child is to return to school to be checked by school personnel to determine the presence of head lice. A parent or guardian must accompany the child to the school office for this check each day until the problem is resolved.
A student should not miss more than one day for head lice. A continued absence due to head lice is unacceptable and will be reported. Our district reports unsatisfactory attendance to the appropriate agencies including the Kern County Department of Human Services and the district’s truancy reduction board (SARB).
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Parents/guardians are encouraged to check their children for head lice on a regular basis. Home treatment should begin immediately if head lice or nits are found. See guidelines on back. Head lice or bug sprays for furniture, carpets, etc. are not recommended as vacuuming is more effective. Please notify your child’s school office any time your child has head lice so we are aware of the problem.
Thank you for your cooperation. If you have any questions, please contact the school office or the school nurse.